11th Grade Honors Independent Reading & Research Assignment #2

Your posting for this grading period must be completed by April 19th at midnight, so that we can use it for a follow-up assignment in class on Wednesday.

Find an article of any length that relates to a topic being studied in class.  Your posting must include:

  • A link to the article
  • An explanation of why you chose this article/ how it relates to what you’re studying in English class at the moment (~50-100 words)
  • A summary of the article (~200-250 words)
  • Your personal thoughts on the article, for example whether you agree or disagree, how interesting it was, or how well it helped you understand a the topic from class. (~200-250 words)
  • This is meant to  be an academic extension of what you do in class, so your source must have some level of professional or academic credibility.  No tabloids, please.
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21 Responses to “11th Grade Honors Independent Reading & Research Assignment #2”

  1. Cathrina Majd Says:

    Cathrina Majd
    Mr.Pores
    Honors Am. Lit. Period 5
    15 April 2016

    Independent Reading/Research
    Works Cited
    “The Eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg and the Diagnostic Gaze as Moral Authority in The Great Gatsby.” The Eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg and the Diagnostic Gaze as Moral Authority in The Great Gatsby. Rachel Conrad Bracken, 2015.

    Explanation: My reasoning for choosing this article was because of the relation it has to The Great Gatsby in which we are studying in class right now. The eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg is one of the most important symbols in the book. I wasn’t really sure what the eyes really stood for/meant on a deeper meaning so reading this article really helped me understand more why the eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg is so symbolic.

    Summary of the article: The article titled “The eyes of Doctor T.J Eckleburg and the diagnostic gaze as moral authority in The Great Gatsby” by Rachel Conrad Bracken simply discusses the eyes of Doctor Eckleburg and why they’re so important in The Great Gatsby. Knowing that the eyes of Doctor Eckleburg watch over “the valley of ashes”, Doctor Eckleburg witnesses most of the huge aspects that happen in the novel. Bracken talks about how the eyes are a symbol of American morality. It is stated in the article that the appearances of Doctor Eckleburg is known to be one of the most important scenes in the book, this helps the reader to see the events that are happening in the story through Eckleburgs eyes better. The eyes of Doctor Eckleburg are said to be a symbol of moral authority or the things that had happened in the valley of ashes that the eyes have witnessed. Bracken also states how this all “unite Fitzgerald’s major themes of hope illusion, morality, corruption, materialism, success, and failure.” (Bracken) The article explains how the only reason we trust to see the world as Doctor Eckleburg sees it is because he is a physician. Initially, the reason why the eyes of Doctor T.J. Eckleburg is so symbolic is because he’s witnessing everything happening in the book, mainly the major ones, through his perspective and how he actually sees it.

    Personal thoughts of article: Although I think this article was pretty helpful for me to understand the eyes of Doctor Eckleburg better, I believe the article could have gone more into depth of why Fitzgerald found it necessary to add this in the book and make it such an important symbol in the novel. And also why it was important to have these eyes witnessing basically everything from the novel. Regardless, this article really did help me to realize the main reason of the eyes of Doctor Eckleburg is because he’s watching everything thats happening through his perspective. I also learned that the eyes might represent God looking down upon the society and the things they chose to do/the way they act, initially.

  2. Kameron Woo Says:

    Kameron Woo
    Period 5
    Honors American Literature
    Pores
    The article, A Point Of View: Gatsby and the Way We Live Now relates the story of The Great Gatsby to modern times. The article looks at how Gatsby resonates in modern times because of a new movie that was released based on the book. Fitzgerald released this book to criticize the Jazz Age, a period in the 1920s where many people were getting rich off of organized crime that had to do with prohibition. This is highlighted in the character of Gatsby who seems to be a nice rich guy, but could actually have gotten his money from other shadier methods. While Gatsby was an embodiment of his time, he was also a universal figure. Gatsby highlights the fakeness of society. In the book Gatsby has many parties and seems like a very sociable man, but later on in the book we realize that he actually does this for affection of his last love. However the article has a more optimistic view of society, society is more like a dream in the book with Gatsby pursuing his own dream of being with Daisy.
    I agree with this vision of society because it is strongly supported in the book. This is prevalent throughout the book, but is most obvious when Daisy chooses Tom over Gatsby. This breaks Gatsby out of a dreamlike trance, and it hits him with the hard realization that life doesn’t always work out in his favor. I think that this moment helps to humanize Gatsby because readers sympathize with Gatsby even though he is supposed to be the “bad guy” getting his money from illegal practices.
    “A Point Of View: Gatsby and the Way We Live Now.” BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2016.

  3. Dimitrije Kostic Says:

    http://blogs.wsj.com/wealth/2011/03/09/dont-envy-the-super-rich-they-are-miserable/

    We currently just finished reading The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and a recurring idea expressed within the novel relates to the news article. Set in the 1900s, the narrator Nick recalls his times in New York and his encounters with the wealthy elites. Mainly about Gatsby, it is made apparent that he is not as happy as he is seen. Although mysterious, Gatsby throws parties regularly and lives lavishly, but as the story furthers we see his grief and the fact that even with all this money he cannot get what he wants, and no money can change this.
    The article is based on this point, that even the super rich are not satisfied. Research sponsored by the Gates “portrays the ultrarich as lost souls burdened by the fears, worries and family distortions of too much money.” But upon reading deeper into the article, their condensed responses of 120 people with over 25$ million in Net Worth, it seems that just like “normal” people, they have problems. Other than a summary of one study, with no concrete data provided, their unhappiness might just be how they chose to spin the story. Many previous studies, as stated in the article, came to the conclusion that they were unhappy, but why do we treat these people as greater than average, who suffer more because of their “condition”. People with more wealth exchange problems that less well-off people suffer for one’s of their own. While a lower class worker may suffer depression from not having money for leisure, their upper class counterpart may suffer depression from not being good enough, not being as rich as his family members, or the people around him. Wealthy Americans, as far as I viewed from the quotes from the survey, do not suffer much more than us “average” people.
    The Article shows two different facets on the life of the wealth, and although in the title it says “Don’t Envy the Super-Rich, They Are Miserable” all primary evidence given in the article points towards the fact that they suffer from problems like the rest of us. When presenting a counter argument on the claim, the author actually convinced me the opposite of what he was intending. This counter-persuasive article from The Wall Street Journal allowed me to draw connections between real world wealthy people, and Gatsby. After reading this article and developing my opinion about the burdens placed upon those with wealth, I can now relate this to Gatsby’s struggle, how he was not able to get Daisy in the beginning due him being impoverished. But, when Gatsby gained all this wealth, his parties or anything he could do with this newfound wealth could not help him get the girl. Modern day 1%’ers still suffer some of the same problems Gatsby does, as they are not able to buy absolutely everything for money, and this may eventually envelop them and cause their demise, much like it did to Gatsby.

    Bibliography:
    Frank, Robert. “Don’t Envy the Super-Rich, They Are Miserable.” The Wall Street Journal. N.p., 9 Mar. 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2016. .

  4. Aidan Fitzpatrick Says:

    Article: http://www.infowars.com/greed-is-good-where-will-americas-sick-obsession-with-wealth-and-money-end/

    Aidan Fitzpatrick
    Mr. Pores
    HAL Period 5
    20 April 2016

    America’s Obsession with Wealth

    I chose this article because I believe that a central theme in the Great Gatsby is the time period’s obsession with wealth. The 1920’s, also known as the roaring 20’s, was a prodigal time in American history. The wealthy threw extravagant social events and basked in their wealth while, concurrently, the poor suffered. This is seen in the F. Scott Fitzgerald novel. The protagonist, Jay Gatsby, is immensely wealthy and hosts the craziest, most ostentatious parties seen in West Egg, the area in New York where he lived. Gatsby would send invitations out but more people attended his parties than usually expected. His guests would often bring along others to enjoy his wealth, but he did not mind. We later see in the novel that after Gatsby dies, Nick hosts a funeral and invites many of Gatsby’s party guests. Four of the many invited attend which brings to light a negative aspect of society from the 1920’s and before that can still be witnessed today: America’s obsession with wealth.

    “Greed Is Good? Where Will America’s Sick Obsession With Wealth and Money End?” by Michael Snyder analyzes why Americans are so attracted to money. Snyder claims that America’s greed sprouts from media that glorifies the wealthy life. He lists eight articles from the CNN website about wealth. These articles were titled “The richest Americans in history,” “How much do you need to be happy?,” “From broke to billionaire,” “Homes: What $25 million buys around the world,” and other articles all geared towards showcasing the lives of the rich. Snyder asserts that money is useful to survival but it only becomes a problem when it is idolized. The media’s portrayal of the rich life is creating a lot of jealousy:

    In recent years, the level of bitterness and resentment that the rest of the nation has toward the very wealthy has risen to an unprecedented level. It has become exceedingly apparent that the system is designed to funnel wealth to the very top of the food chain, and many of those at the bottom of the food chain are starting to become extremely upset about this. (Snyder)

    The wealthy are saving trillions in offshore bank accounts while children are going to bed starving. But, Snyder asks, what is to happen to these financial assets in an economic collapse? “We are so obsessed with wealth and money that it is truly frightening to think about how we would react as a society if it was taken away.” (Snyder)

    I can relate to this article very well. I come from a middle-class family and I witness these portrayals of wealth often. I could be watching a movie and suddenly a rich person appears and it is so glorified that I become jealous. I often see television shows that contrast the amazing life of a wealthy character with the dismal life of a poor or middle-class character. CNN even publishes these useless articles about what you could do if you are wealthy. Media is infected with this disease of wealth and money. Can money truly solve all problems? The answer is no, of course not. It may guarantee you temporary happiness but what is the point if it is only for a little while? Money can’t always guarantee health either. There are a lot of things that money can’t do. America’s obsession is one of a material kind. People love money because they can buy the things they’ve always dreamed about. But material things can’t satisfy all. I’d rather die with my soulmate than with a Lamborghini in my arms. Of course it is nice to have money some to support yourself, but a lot isn’t necessary. I believe health and happiness are necessary, though. I agree with the author’s anger towards the top 1% who aren’t significantly helping the other 99%. This world of greed is only making the rich richer and the poor poorer and it needs to be prevented, especially in America.

    Citation:
    Snyder, Michael. “Greed Is Good? Where Will America’s Sick Obsession With Wealth And Money End?” Infowars. Infowars, 6 June 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2016. .

  5. Zachary Gelber Says:

    Zachary Gelber
    Mr. Pores
    English, Period 5
    17 April, 2016
    When Richer Weds Poorer, Money Isn’t the Only Difference
    http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/19/us/class/when-richer-weds-poorer-money-isnt-the-only-difference.html?_r=0
    One important theme of The Great Gatsby is how social class can affect relationships. In then novel, a majority of the characters are quite wealthy, and the way they act or treat other people is quite different than how a person of more modest means may behave. Jay Gatsby, the titular character of the book, is able to throw lavish parties on a whim, simply because he holds enough funds to do so. Tom Buchanan, another character, constantly acts arrogant and short-tempered, which may be a result of his vast fortune. This article follows the relationship of an impoverished car salesman and a wealthy heiress, and explores the issues that can arise from such a pairing.
    The article begins telling how Dan Croteau and Cate Woolner first met each other. While purchasing a car, Woolner took interest in Croteau, and they began to date each other. A few years later, they married. However, it was during that time period that they found out that they came from vastly different backgrounds. Croteau was born in Keene, a mill town in New Hampshire. His prospects for the future were practically limited to being a factory worker, as his parents and grandparents had been. He quit school at age sixteen and had two daughters, Lael and Maggie, at age twenty-four. On the other hand, Woolner grew up in a very starkly contrasted world. She was born to a doctor and dancer, attended a university, and eventually began to work as a philanthropist with her extravagant inheritance. The article goes on to explain some of the issues and problems that have rose in their relationship. Due to their class differences, they unknowingly held biases against each other, including their families. For example, Woolner’s mother confessed that she initially thought Croteau was simply trying to get at her daughter’s wealth and nothing more. Since Woolner possesses much more wealth, she has more power in the relationship. She gives money to her husband as an “allowance” and often pays for many things for their children. Regardless of these problems or differences, they have stayed faithfully married and happy for many years.
    One interesting section of the article was the attitude towards work ethic based on social class. While briefly working at Northfield Mount Hermon as a communications manager, Mr. Croteau discovered that meeting deadlines isn’t as important as it would be in a lower class position. As he describes it: “The idea seemed to be that there weren’t deadlines in that world, just guidelines.” In upper-class jobs, work is more flexible, most likely because workers are harder to replace, as they require higher education. A lower-paying job like a janitor, however, is much easier to do and therefore to replace. By not meeting deadlines in such as job, you risk being fired. It is due to this fact that impoverished people develop a greater work ethic, while those generally born into wealth lack such an attitude. Still, being born wealthy offers many advantages that generally put them ahead of the poor, like better schooling and social connections. This is somewhat represented in the Great Gatsby. Gatsby was born poor, but worked tremendously hard at self-improvement so he could attain his fortune. Daisy and Tom, on the other hand, seem more selfish and lazy, and were likely born into money. It is a shame that those who work their hardest are not always awarded what they deserve.

  6. Kelvin Mac Says:

    Kelvin Mac
    Mr. Pores
    HAML Per. 5
    19 April 2016
    http://www.nbcnews.com/feature/in-plain-sight/class-america-who-do-you-think-you-are-n291611
    I chose this article because it relates to what we’re studying in our English class, but more specifically to our essential question asking if social class affects relationships, and their characteristics. I also chose this article in particular because I have always been interested in learning about the whole idea and theories about social classes, and the outcome and results from being a part of a specific social class.
    This article that I chose is called “Class in America: Identities Blur as Economy Changes” by Seth Freed Wessler and the topic that the article discusses is about how social class separation is starting to blur our identities. A good point that they bring up is that those at the top of the economy are getting wealthier and wealthier as time goes on, even as the bottom builds financially, and the middle just hollows its self out. The article then goes on about the definition of social class, and there is no really clear definition for the word. Even social scientists today are still debating the meaning of social class. It can’t simply be defined by the size of a bank account or how many academic degrees you have, but how can it be defined? That’s what scientists are trying to find out. Scientists believe that Americans are just still fascinated by the whole post-war idea of “The American Dream”, and that they have yet to still update how we feel, and interpret social class. The article then goes on to talk about how being separated, and divided by social classes is very dangerous, and it leaves nostalgia about the economy and class identities of their past generations
    This article, “Class in America: Identities Blur as Economy Changes” by Seth Freed Wessler, was particularly interesting to me because I have always wanted to read more and learn about the theories of social class, and the behaviors, and results from the segregation. When I read this I found out how complex the whole idea of social class really is. Social class doesn’t have a set definition, and how it defines someone. It could define someone by the size of their bank account or how many degrees, and masters they have for an education. There are many things that can define our social classes, so there cannot be a set definition. After reading this article, my personal reaction, and emotion was impacted. I read about how money is changing us and causing us to have a blur in our own identities cause we’re too busy, and drawn to our social class that we don’t even know who we are anymore. We are just too busy focusing on money and not focusing on themselves. We’re just too busy trying to build our bank accounts, but not trying to build our character or ourselves. This article was very interesting and made an impact on my perspective of social class.

  7. Joaquin Caso Says:

    Joaquin Caso
    Mr. Pores
    HAL, Period 5
    19 April 2016
    Independent Reading Assignment
    I chose this article because it relates to the book directly. We’ve been studying the novel, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and the article enhances not only the meaning of the book, but the effects it had on society at the time of its publication. Through it we learn book critic Maureen Corrigan’s interpretation of the book, Fitzgerald’s background, the book’s reception and its popularity revival after the Second World War.
    The article begins with a small story on how Corrigan didn’t like the novel the first time she read it in high school, but eventually grew up to consider it the “greatest American novel.” She goes on to mention how “Gatsby” was considered a violent noir novel and how this might have affected the public’s reception of the book. She considers the theme of the book to be fate and how the plot is similar to trying to escape the past, or running away from an inevitable fate. The article then continues by providing a portion of Fitzgerald’s background. His life is similar, in some way, to a combination of Nick’s and Gatsby’s respective stories. Fitzgerald, like Nick, had to accommodate to living among wealthy families such as the Murphys and the Hemingways. Like Gatsby, he was born to lower class parents and struggled to make a living. According to the author, he wasn’t buried in his family’s plot due the Catholic Church considering his novels unacceptable and was instead buried alone in a Protestant cemetery. The article finally discusses the novel’s reception. It claims that it received mixed reviews once published, but after the start of World War II many publishers began reprinting the novel in order to be supplied to men serving in the Army. This increased the popularity of the novel and helped The Great Gatsby become one of the great American novels.
    I think this was a great article for it provided a bit of the novel’s history. I agree with book critic with respect to how the book bored her past High School self. I myself found bored at times while reading the novel, but some of the scenes proved to be dramatic and well-written. The article helped me understand that, just like The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the novel received mixed reviews with the main issue being the way violence was portrayed. The novel’s depiction of partying and infidelity in the upper classes might’ve affected society’s vision on Alcohol. Even though Prohibition had been enacted, the upper classes were still able to satisfy their needs of such, providing an example on the failures of Prohibition. Another thing that the article helped me learn was the distribution of the novel to soldiers and prisoners of war during World War II. Under the ruling of the Geneva Convention of 1929, the International Association of the Red Cross was provided Allied Prisoners of War in Germany and Japan with medical parcels: packages containing hygiene, food, and other everyday needs for humane treatment of POWs. Among the products carried in parcels were copies of The Great Gatsby and other popular novels to entertain the captured soldiers.

    http://www.npr.org/2014/09/08/346346588/how-gatsby-went-from-a-moldering-flop-to-a-great-american-novel

  8. kayleewilliams Says:

    Link: http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2015/08/american-dreams-jim-cullen-larry-samuels-james-baldwin/401318/

    The article that I found was titled “Why the American Dream Will Never Die” written by New York Times writer Matt Thompson. I chose this article because the topic is the American dream which is a theme in the novel The Great Gatsby. The Great Gatsby is referred to by many as a great American novel and I don’t believe that it’s because the story is just that good. The novel shows examples of the best and worst aspects of achieving the American dream. The book showcases the best by illustrating the lavish parties held in big houses full of famous people. The worst of the American dream is revealed in the character Daisy; she is the perfect all american girl who has everything yet she is always unhappy.
    The American dream has never had the full belief of all the American citizens but in its beginning there was a lot of hopefuls that did believe in it. However, the amount of Americans who believe in the dream in modern day are dwindling. Thompson says in the article with certainty, “[…]the real dream was murdered sometime shortly after World War II, and swapped for the cheap, consumerist facsimile with which Americans have been living ever since.”, that sentence alone sums up his stance of the existence of the dream. The American dream has changed from this ideal of hard work paying off and the opportunities are endless to an ideal of just bringing able to provide a nice enough house for your family. A popular topic for politicians is to talk about the death of the American dream and how they are going to make it attainable again and this has been a topic for many years, the dream hasn’t been even remotely revived if it was ever alive at all. For those who believe in the American dream and do not believe that the dream is dead there is one option keeping them holding on. Some, for example Martin Luther King Jr. who spoke openly about the great american future he foresaw, believe that the American dream was never attained therefore it is still out there just waiting for someone to finally achieve it. The issue isn’t if the dream is still alive but in the fact that the very definition of the American dream is that is it the dream that every American has. It is impossible to get a entire nation of people to all share the same dream.
    In my opinion the American dream never existed as a dream that was actually achievable and it never will be. However, I see nothing wrong with people believing that they have achieved the dream or that one day they will. When the American dream came to be I think it was a way of encouraging people to work towards something that would actually be worth all their effort.To many people that dream is still compelling and they believe in it. The idea of the whole nation striving for the same idea seems ludicrous and is a little off putting to me. There are many films and novels that center around the American dream and I cannot think of one that depicts it in a completely positive way. When I think of people attaining the American dream I think of the film American beauty. The family that the film is centered around has achieved the American dream and now they are absolutely bored out of their minds. I feel that if I got the dream that everyone else supposably wants I would be unhappy because thats not what I want. The American dream is not my dream it is the dream of someone else, for example somebody who is an immigrant trying to establish themselves well enough to provide a stable foundation for their future family. I find it hard to believe in the American dream but I understand why many people find it encouraging.

  9. Matthew L. Says:

    Matthew Lok
    Mr. Pores
    Honors American Literature
    Period 5
    4/19/16
    Independent Reading Assignment
    “Can Money Buy You Love?”
    By Aaron Ben-Zeév

    Link: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/in-the-name-love/201102/can-money-buy-you-love

    1. Why I Chose This Article
    One of the most recurrent themes in Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby is the role wealth plays in romantic attraction. The title protagonist, James “Jay Gatsby” Gatz, hosts a myriad of extravagant parties and other flaunts of wealth in an attempt to regain the love of an old flame, the currently married Daisy Buchanan. Despite his lavish displays and persistence, Gatsby is ultimately unsuccessful, and dies knowing that Daisy had chosen to stay with her husband. A criticism of the extravagance and wealth of the Jazz Age, The Great Gatsby shows that wealth is only a shallow possession regarding the issues of love; affection, Fitzgerald asserts, cannot be bought. In contemporary times, society has seemingly returned to a period of mass consumerism and an increasing focus of achieving material riches. I chose this article in order to determine the accuracy of Fitzgerald’s assertions; rather, to see if love could actually be won through vast riches.

    2. Brief Summation
    Ben-Zeév begins his article, Can Money Buy You Love?, by describing love as having both religious and economic properties. Expanding upon this idea, Ben-Zeév uses the political ideology of philosophy professor emeritus Avishai Margalit to define religion as a collection of absolutes, while the economy is considered founded upon compromise.
    Expanding on the parallels between love and religion, Ben-Zeév states that both are built upon several common factors: moral standards, a sense of meaning, and a personal reverence for the subject matter. He goes on to describe the relationship between mankind and the Christian God as a form of marriage, referring to the Biblical “infidelity” of the Israeli idolaters. Finally, Ben-Zeév cites Pope Benedict XVI’s description of Christianity to further emphasize this point: “Marriage based on exclusive and definitive love becomes the icon of the relationship between God and His people and vice versa” (qtd. in Ben-Zeév). Thus, Ben-Zeév compares the properties of love to the unchanging covenant of monotheists to their god; a sacred bond that is completely unaltered by wealth.
    Ben-Zeév then goes on to elaborate on the comparison of love to the economy. He compares the use of dating sites and personal ads to the personalization of a car, allowing “buyers” to choose specific qualities in an ideal partner. Ben-Zeév states that money and status are consistently factors in not only choosing potential mates, but in the development of carnal pleasure as well. Because love is based upon one’s life, Ben-Zeév argues that money can indirectly increase chances of finding love by increasing the quality of one’s life. Referring to previous studies relating income and happiness, Ben-Zeév shows that while money is not the most significant factor in happiness, it increases the chance of obtaining joy, as well as love.
    Ben-Zeév concludes the article by summarizing that love is a sacred commitment that can not be purchased, but wealth is a factor that greatly increases one’s opportunity to find love.

    3. Personal Thoughts
    I felt that the article was too specific in its examples, and was largely unhelpful in answering the inquiry at hand. While comparing love to religion, Ben-Zeév’s assertions only stem from Christianity; therefore, atheists, polytheists, agnostics, and non-Christian monotheists may be alienated by his arguments. Furthermore, he fails to explain why marriage the origins of the sanctity of love and marriage. Additionally, when describing the selection of partners through online dating, Ben-Zeév ignores the fact that a significant amount of relationships are still initiated through direct contact; his arguments would suggest that the majority of relationships are formed indirectly through personal ads. Likewise, while Ben-Zeév asserts that money can increase the chances of love, I felt that he should have elaborated on the idea more.
    The article also was insufficient in answering the inquiry about the role of money in acquiring love. While it was stated that wealth would increase one’s happiness and chances of finding love, the concept is hardly expanded upon. Furthermore, based on that conjecture, Gatsby should have been able to live a fulfilling and happy life through his wealth. Although a fictional character, Gatsby seemingly provides a counterpoint that Ben-Zeév does not address in his article; his numerous riches and elegance should easily allow him to find some level of happiness independent of Daisy. However, Gatsby ultimately becomes consumed by his obsessions and fails to achieve any joy. Thus, Ben-Zeév’s article loses some of its credibility by failing to address significant counterpoints.

    Works Cited:
    Ben-Zeév, Aaron. “Can Money Buy You Love?” Psychology Today.    N.p., 5 Feb. 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2016.

  10. Jennifer Estrada (Period 5) Says:

    Jennifer Estrada
    Mr.Pores
    Honors American Literature
    18 April 2016
    Independent Reading Assignment

    After reading the Great Gatsby, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, I became intrigued by the recurring motif of Doctor T.J Eckleburg’s eyes in the story. The idea of having these all-seeing eyes haunt the story during the rather “immoral” events casted a shadow of mystery to me, which is the reason why I chose an article that analyzed the meaning behind these eyes.
    The article discussed different interpretations based on the description of the billboard that contained the advertisement of an oculist by illustrating rather large eyes holding up a pair of spectacles. It first attempted to elucidate the representation of them being regarded as the eyes of “God” by explaining how physicians held a prestige position during the 20th century. During that time period, new advances in medicine and technology emerged, implying how doctors had the ability to see in ways others could not. For instance, developments in diagnostic technologies such as the rise of microscopes enabled doctors to view the germs attributed to common diseases back then, such as cholera and dysentery. Thus, they were able to view things that the standard American did not have the ability to do. In addition, T.J Eckleburg’s position in society could influence him to embody traditional values and anything that seems “immoral” can cause him to judge, as seen when his eyes appear after Tom visits his mistress, Myrtle Wilson. The article claims that Doctor T.J Eckleburg is able to see through the pretenses held by those pertaining to the higher social class such as Tom with his affair and Gatsby with the story of his upbringing.
    I found the article rather interesting, It allowed me to view the eyes of Doctor T.J Eckleburg with a new perspective, and after reading about the analysis behind this symbol, I came to find it more meaningful to the story. I agree with the article’s interpretation about the eyes seeing things from the point of view of a person who epitomizes traditional American values. Based on that analyzation, it made sense how the eyes were being discussed in the story at the times the characters were found to be doing immoral actions, such as when Tom paid a visit to Myrtle in order to introduce her to Nick and after Daisy crashed into her, killing her in an instant. The eyes seemed to be paying special attention to these events, almost as if judging those who partook in them. I believe that this also emphasized their God-like characteristic. I found it interesting how a simple billboard that is on the brink of falling apart can hold so much meaning to average civilians, like Myrtle’s husband. Ultimately, this motif exemplifies F. Scott Fitzgerald’s themes about corruption and materialism.

    Works Cited

    Bracken, Rachel Conrad. “The Eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg and the Diagnostic Gaze as Moral Authority in The Great Gatsby.” Hektoen International. Hektoen Institute of Medicine, 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2016. .

  11. Cindy Le Says:

    Cindy Le
    Mr. Pores
    Honors American Literature, Period 5
    20 April 2016
    Independent Project

    https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-attraction-doctor/201107/do-you-believe-in-unconditional-love

    In the article Do You Believe In Unconditional Love, Jeremy Nicholson M.S.W., Ph.D. writes about the background knowledge of true, unconditional love. This is suitable to our focus in English class because it helps support and create an additional attachment to our prior knowledge on Jay Gatsby’s emotions and feelings towards Daisy Buchanan. In the American novel, The Great Gatsby, Gatsby was drowned in his unconditional love for Daisy. They met one day in 1917, shortly before Gatsby went to war. They vowed to wait for each other, but as years passed, Daisy married another man, who goes by the name Tom Buchanan. Gatsby goes beyond all measures, finding his way to Daisy’s attention and lost love. Jay Gatsby earned his money to impress Daisy under all circumstances, even if he has to do them illegally. Gatsby bought a mansion worth millions just to be right across the bay from her. He threw extravagant, expensive parties just to hope one night he’ll see her at one of them. Gatsby could have used these years to have affairs or marry someone else, but he stayed faithful to his love all these years and only focused his thoughts on Daisy. Lastly, Jay Gatsby was willing to die for her by taking the blame on behalf of Daisy’s murder of Myrtle.
    According to the article, unconditional love means “affection without any limitations, it can also be love without conditions.” What this is implying is that regardless of race, religion, physical features, wrongdoings, likes or dislikes, love will always remain. Nicholson made a very clear distinction between unconditional love and unconditional relationships. If one unconditionally loves another, it is rewarding to feel so. As for unconditional relationships, they are a working relationship which includes thoughts, compromise, and reasoning. Unconditional love falls under Jay Gatsby and Daisy Buchanan, while unconditional relationship is compatible with Tom and Daisy Buchanan. Jeremy Nicholson stated, “Nevertheless, there are few things more painful in life than choosing to leave an unhealthy relationship with someone you unconditionally love. So, picking someone you can “work with” is still an important idea.” Gatsby is crazily in love on a unhealthy level where he is willing to go above and beyond to fight for Daisy, where in the end he resulted in a heart break. Love is not enough.
    I agree with this article because I am a strong believer in the magic of companionship and compromise in order to have relationships last. As scary as it can be, love is just an intangible, impacting feeling that can either give you joy and happiness or grief and despair. The choice of working together and choosing to stay in a committed relationship will help create a foundation of love, trust, and understanding. Reading this article helped me understand the mindset of Gatsby and Daisy especially on a deeper level. It filled in the missing gaps Fitzgerald was attempting to portray but never quite came through.

    M.S.W., Jeremy Nicholson, Ph.D. “Do You Believe in Unconditional Love?”Psychology Today. Sussex Publishers, LLC, 06 July 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2016.

  12. Jillian Tan Says:

    Jillian Tan
    Mr. Pores
    Honors American Literature, Period 5
    19 April 2016

    The novel “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald focuses on the complicated love story of Jay Gatsby and Daisy Buchanan. Their romance began when Gatsby and Daisy met for the first time at Camp Taylor. Gatsby was a young officer who was about to be shipped overseas during World War I. One October night, Gatsby went to Daisy’s house, and gave her a sense of security by letting her believe that he was a person from much the same stratum as herself. Their love affair lasted for a month until he had to leave and fight for the war. After the war had ended, Gatsby tried frantically to get home, but some complication or misunderstanding sent him to Oxford instead. There was a quality of nervous despair in Daisy’s letters. She did not see why he could not come. She wanted to see him and feel his presence to be reassured that she was doing the right thing after all. After a while, something within her was crying for a decision. She wanted her life shaped immediately, and the decision must be a force that was within her reach. With the arrival of Tom Buchanan, Daisy had reached her decision, and a letter came to Gatsby while he was still at Oxford.
    The article entitled “First World War: Love Letters From the Trenches,” is a compilation of the most moving, intimate, and fascinating memorandum written by World War I soldiers and their loved ones. The first letter, written by Dora Willatt to 2nd Lieutenant Cecil Slack, explains the direct romantic feeling of a woman to a man who asked her hand in marriage. Dora Willatt described her true feelings by saying that she had been afraid that she did not feel the same way Cecil Slack did about her. She emphasized her use of the word “like” for she knew that Cecil Slack liked her, but she had not thought that he loved her. She clarifies that she did not think of it so much, which is why it had been hard to see if her “liking” had evolved into love. She made sure that he proposed with certainty, and not because he had not seen her or because he was going away. Eventually, they both profess their genuine love for each other. As Dora suggested, they waited six months to be sure, and then went ahead with their engagement. Cecil survived the war and they married in 1919.
    This letter displays a good sense of communication, which led to their matrimony. When connected to the story of Gatsby and Daisy, certain contrasts can be pinpointed. Although the social statuses of Dora Willatt and Cecil Slack were not mentioned, it is clear that the two do not give importance to their levels in society. Their honesty revealed their sincere outlook towards their relationship, and their unconditional love and patience were enough to tie the knot. Such aspects were absent in Gatsby and Daisy’s relationship.
    Another letter that relates to the story of Gatsby and Daisy was written by Ivy to Private John Bateman Beer. Ivy confessed that when John went away, she told him that she loved him best, and she truly meant it. However, a lot seemed to have happened since then. She thought that she had forgotten Charlie, her first love, in her love for John. However, she cannot help loving Charlie best. She mentioned that she would not hurt John, but believed that she cannot control her own feelings. In an afterthought, she claimed that Charlie would have waited until Jack came home. The situations of Ivy and John, and Gatsby and Daisy are similar in a few ways. Both Gatsby and John served in the war. Both Daisy and Ivy were not able to wait for their lovers. Daisy and Ivy had been longing for a certain force that would keep them moving forward, and had found said force in another man. One thing that is different in both situations is that Daisy had fallen in love with Gatsby first, but chose to be with Tom. Meanwhile, Ivy chose Charlie, her first love, instead of John whom she loved later on.
    The tales of these women confirm that there are many factors that weigh into such relationships, especially with men who are far away with fates filled with uncertainty. The lives of these women are not articulated in these accounts, but their detailed descriptions depict a lot about their emotions and feelings. By reading these letters, I get a sense of understanding as to why relationships last or end. Their feelings and reasons are justified by the simple act of writing these letters, which opens the door to their hearts and minds.

    Sources:
    Kirkby, Mandy. “First World War: Love Letters from the Trenches.” The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 15 Jan. 2014. Web. 20 Apr. 2016. .
    Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Collier, 1986. Print.

  13. Sydney Patchett Says:

    After studying the Prohibition of the 1920’s and how it limited American’s personal rights, I considered a new bill being passed in California which directly affects me, as a young adult. As of March 2016, California is taking measures to not only raise the age of tobacco products from 18 to 21, but is also attempting to bar any tobacco-related products off from supposed “adults”. This bill is almost repeating history by allowing the government to intervene with our personal affairs. Cutting off the production of alcohol in the U.S. was obviously a hit and a miss, simply because once humans are allowed something, you cannot just take it away without proper cause. Our government is our government because they run our country, not because they tell us what we can and cannot do. The citizens of a country do not need their representatives to act as nannies, and this proved true in the 1920’s during the failure of the 18th amendment.
    In the article, the author discusses the many different aspects that the bill entails. Including, but not limited too; raising the age to buy any tobacco-related products from 18 to 21 in California, banning the use of electronic cigarettes in numerous places, changing the licensing fee from a one-time process to an annual fee, etc. (LA, 1) Surprisingly, no single political party leaned more towards either side. It was more based on every person’s individual opinion on health, as the primary promoters for this bill were a coalition of anti-smoking federations such as the American Cancer Society, and the American Lung Association. Unexpectedly no tactics of lobbying used by Big Tobacco worked on any of the voters, concluding with a heaping 46-26 win. However, the Governor has not taken immediate action on the proposal, preventing Senate Bill 7 from going into effect just yet.
    Let me just think of it this way… in 9 months I’m allowed to enlist in the military, buy a loaded weapon, vote for president of our country, but I’m not allowed to buy my own cigarettes? I believe it’s absolutely ridiculous to give an 18 year old so much moral and ethical responsibility, yet to limit them from making decisions regarding their own health. They babble on about how it will “prevent” tobacco-related illness, and lower medical costs, but when played out in an actual society (Prohibition), did alcoholism decline? No. People simply found other ways to get it! Even with completely banning the substance, bootleggers were just a common sight on the street. Everyone all knew who was drinking and who wasn’t, but no one told. If this bill passes, older adults would not take it seriously. They were allowed to buy cigarettes at 18, so what’s wrong with buying some 19 year old a pack? No matter how hard the government tries to manipulate our habits and pass times, there will always be a way to get around the system.
    CITATIONS:
    1. http://www.latimes.com/politics/la-pol-sac-raising-smoking-age-20160303-story.html
    2. http://www.dailycal.org/2016/03/13/california-legislature-passes-bill-raise-legal-smoking-age-21/

  14. Jordan Collins Says:

    Jordan Collins
    Mr. Pores
    Honors American Literature, Period 5
    19 April 2016
    Article: https://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/roaring-twenties/essays/f-scott-fitzgerald-and-age-excess

    Independent Reading Article

    F. Scott Fitzgerald does not shy away from social criticism in his book The Great Gatsby. In fact, the underlying, omnipresent theme of the book warns the readers of the arising expectations to gain wealth and status in a corrupted nation. This article shows the world through Fitzgerald’s eyes, and presents the reader with the reasons he wanted to assert social change. It tells of the nineteen-twenties, a time of plenty, but also a time of fundamental questioning and foolish extravagance. It was precisely these themes that were portrayed in setting and plot of Gatsby and I believe that this article puts meaning and sense behind character archetypes and actions.
    The article begins by giving insight into the mind of Fitzgerald, explaining that he was prone to a variety of self-destructive tendencies before moving away to France and writing The Great Gatsby. It goes on to give a short summary of the story—Gatsby’s journey from rags to riches, his dreams, and his wonder that pushes him to reach for the things he never had and, arguably, could never achieve. It draws parallels from Gatsby’s world to the time period of “excess”—the roaring nineteen-twenties. Facts and statistics suppot this assertion of “excess” and the article provides a long list of social norms to back up its claim. The article continues, saying that the world created by Fitzgerald in The Great Gatsby provides such an accurate assessment of life in the twenties that the book could be equated to a chronicle of this new age of American history. Lastly, the article’s conclusion tells of the eventual demise of the prodigal twenties with the coming of the Great Depression, and how the theme of The Great Gatsby, the danger of acquiring an imbalance of poorly-distributed wealth, predicts this outcome.
    I thought the article was very insightful and showed many of the connections to the nineteen-twenties and the motives Fitzgerald might have had when writing in certain characters. For example, Gatsby’s strong yearning for Daisy and the wealth he thought he needed to impress her directly correlates to the popular belief of that time period: the idolization of money and status. Gatsby’s parties dramatize the “excess” and overbearing vulgarity of this time, which demonstrates why Fitzgerald used such vivid, gaudy imagery when describing the events. The article states that the observant character Nick Caraway reflects Fitzgerald’s own thoughts and repulsions to American society in the twenties, which I found intriguing; through Nick Caraway, Fitzgerald inserted his own voice. I additionally found it interesting to get a bit of information on Fitzgerald’s mindset as he was writing this book, and to see how he struggled with the same issues as Gatsby did, with an inclination to squander his money. The fact that he wrote this book from a small house in France also emphasizes the Fitzgerald’s reflection and consideration for the troubled and disputably twisted American society of the nineteen-twenties.

  15. Joshua Schneider Says:

    Joshua Schneider

    English, Period 5

    Mr. Pores

    20 April 2016

    Old Money and New Money

    Article Link: http://www.fa-mag.com/news/article-687.html

    Why I Chose This Article:

    The theme of old money and new money is frequently displayed in “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald is told through the eyes and accounts of Nick Caraway who with this theme shows us, the reader the purpose and roll that new and old money take in our society today.

    Article Summary:

    Almost a century ago our grandparents were caught between old money and new money, which seemed unbridgeable due it being spread around the entire world affecting all those of wealthy status. In early 20th Century society, old money was viewed as being so much better than new money. In reality, however, old money in America wasn’t very old. It was simply that the behavior of some individuals who acquired its wealth were labeled so. It’s the Old Money that has integrity; that lives far below its means; that raises it children to be productive, well-adjusted adults; that uses its position and resources not just to preserve and expand its wealth, but to quietly make the world a better place for everyone. While much of what comprises the culture of Old Money is generally opposed to modern society, it has nothing to do with being a snob. Old Money dresses and behaves so that it is not obvious how much money it has or what position it holds in society. Old Money treats others without regard for how much money they have or what position they hold in society. In today’s American society those who acquire wealth have a general tendency to be snudy this is not the case with those of old money. However, new money provides the fuel for the engine of independent self worth in doing so creating a snobby, inconsiderate, narcissist of a human being. In “Old Money Vs. New Money it can be explained to us how and why money affect us as human beings molding us into what we are, which Fitzgerald does in “The Great Gatsby” through the characters that he creates.

    Personal View:
    I find that as the theme of old money versus new money continues to present itself throughout this book that the it becomes to be obvious that the social class and well being of a character in this book is influenced by the theme. It also becomes clear that the theme portrays issues that those who are of wealth undergo to a certain extent, while showing us, the reader, how wealth takes part in creating social barriers. Not only do I believe that this article and Fitzgerald’s book both describe the issues and problems that arise with wealth to a certain degree but it also shows the social issues that arise and or may arise with wealth itself.

  16. Mark Savercool Says:

    Mark Savercool
    Mr. Pores
    Hrs. Am. Lit.-Period 5
    April 20, 2016

    Research Assignment 2
    The article that I chose for this research assignment is “‘The Great Gatsby’ still challenges the myth of the American Dream” by Bob Hoover of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. I chose this article because it explains how The Great Gatsby contradicts the concept of the American Dream. In The Great Gatsby, we are shown that Jay Gatsby is a character of importance to others social lives. He is seen as “great” because of his bright and colorful parties. We learn that after his death that he is really only known for just that.

    In the article, Hoover explains how scholars believe that The Great Gatsby is the “great American novel” and how the novel expresses American promise and success. He then summarizes how Gatsby started absolutely from “rags to riches–“which is truly the concept of the American dream–all from the motivation of a dream and money. After easily obtaining a great amount of money, he decides to flaunt it by throwing parties frequently in order to gain the attention of his previous love, Daisy. Hoover explains how Gatsby was treated as a great person, even though he had obtained his money through corrupt means. Although Gatsby was so seemingly “great” and powerful, we learn that even those closest to him did not care much for him, after his death. This leaves me to believe that the American Dream is only a facade, and that people only see others as an important figure only if they have money.

    I believe that The Great Gatsby shows how the American Dream seems real, but it shows how easily it can be taken away from those experiencing it. Jay Gatsby first starts as a “poor and uneducated kid from Delaware,” but soon remakes himself as an Oxford-man-war-hero who has a lot of connections. This is an example of the American dream, “rags to riches.” I also feel that this “dream” was only a concept, perhaps it has another Gilded Age-type impression. Behind all of the falsely hard-earned money and luxury is only a person. No matter how many parties they would throw, no one would remember them if they were to disappear, unless they did some good for the community. This brings me back to my thought that the dream seems to be a facade, or an illusion. One may earn all the money in the world, but what can be the use if there is no one else to enjoy the wealth with. They would be able to blanket themselves with luxury, giving them a feeling of false security, but what would truly hurt is the reality of being alone. Gatsby attempted to flaunt his wealth to take the heart of his once beloved but this proved futile, even leading to his unexpected death. In the end, Daisy did not fall for Gatsby’s “social pea-cocking” attempts of winning her over. This is where to saying “money cannot buy happiness” plays a role, also throughout most of the story. In conclusion, Gatsby’s insatiable love for Daisy could not be satisfied, for Daisy felt that the disputes between Tom and him would never end unless she chose one side, and that was Tom. Gatsby is, sadly, murdered though misunderstanding with Mr. Wilson. He dies with the only person who cared for him, Nick, who is disgusted by everyone’s lack of concern. No matter how rich a person can be, they are still vulnerable at heart, despite their attempts of hiding it with luxury, which is why I believe that the American Dream is only metaphorical blanket that people cover themselves with, so that they believe they are invincible.

    Link: http://www.post-gazette.com/ae/movies/2013/05/10/The-Great-Gatsby-still-challenges-myth-of-American-Dream/stories/201305100196

  17. Nicholas Petersen Says:

    Nicholas Petersen
    Mr. Pores
    Honors American Literature, P.5
    20 April 2016

    Link: http://www.theguardian.com/news/2016/apr/03/what-you-need-to-know-about-the-panama-papers

    Explanation
    I chose to write about the leak regarding the Panama Papers as it relates to the manner in which Mr. Wolfsheim did business. Gatsby did some work for Mr. Wolfsheim, but it was unclear if that was his major source of amassing wealth. I also have an interest in business, which led me to research this topic.

    Summary
    The Panama Papers leak is comprised of 11.5 million files from Mossack Fonseca’s database. Mossack Fonseca is the fourth-biggest offshore law firm. This leak is unprecedented in size, measuring in at 2.6 terabytes of data. To put this into perspective, the last major financial leak was the HSBC files weighing in at a measly 3.3 gigabytes. Mossack Fonseca operates in Panama, which is one of the top “tax havens” that the wealthy use. The British Virgin Islands and the Bahamas are also a popular choice for tax evaders.

    China, Hong Kong, and Russia are where the largest amounts of people are being exposed by the Panama Papers. Why should one regard these leaks are important? While not all people who use offshore financial structures are breaking the law, the anonymity allows for corruption, such as money laundering, to take place. The leaks exposed information about high-profile customers including 11 national leaders, 143 politicians, and 200,000 companies. Following the leak, this information will be used to identify corruption for due justice. Mossack Fonseca’s response is that they actively prevent abuse of offshore financial structures and that their conduct is just.

    Opinion
    My personal opinion is that the Panama Papers leak provides us a much-needed insight into this business practice of offshore bank accounting. For a long time, this practice has been well-known. However, no one really knew exactly who was doing it. It was just a thing that people considered the wealthy to do, but the anonymity of the practice would never lead to insight on their actions. However, this leak provides us with a clear view of a huge majority of the people who partook in offshore bank accounting. While not all of them are criminals, I can only hope those who abused such a business practice will receive due justice.

    I am more excited about what the Panama Papers will lead to. Following the leak, I have noticed a lot of articles about certain business professionals and officials resigning. This only leads me to believe that the information contained in these leaks are all that more serious and incriminating. I also wonder what this leak will mean for the vitality of Mossack Fonseca’s business. I can imagine that a lot won’t have faith in the security of their data after this leak. Through reading this article about the Panama Papers leak, my understanding increased on the realm of shady business that Mr. Wolfsheim partook in.

  18. Robert Walter Says:

    Robert Walter
    Mr. Pores
    Honors American Literature, Period 5
    19 April 2016
    http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/what-the-great-gatsby-got-right-about-the-jazz-age-57645443/
    I chose this article because it is about the Jazz Age, which The Great Gatsby is based upon. I also chose this article because I wanted to know actually how close the book got to the real Jazz Age. It relates to what we are learning because we just read The Great Gatsby and we have also talked about the Roaring Twenties/the Jazz Age.
    This article is about what Scott Fitzgerald got right about the Jazz Age in The Great Gatsby. The first part of the article is about how Fitzgerald wanted to create something new and extraordinary. This was when he was writing The Great Gatsby. The twenties were filled with innovations and new inventions, like today. Fashion and glamour were also a big deal in the twenties. The second part of the article is about the glitz and glamour of the twenties. It is also about money and how the characters in The Great Gatsby relate. The example used was about Daisy’s charm in her voice. Gatsby says: “Her voice is full of money”. The author also mentions the dark side of money, which are attached to Daisy and Tom. Nick mentions in the book that they are careless and they run back to their money, and they also the kind of people to leave messes for other people to clean up. The last part is about Gatsby and how he thinks that money is the solution to his life. He feels that he can revert the past and be able to get Daisy.
    I would say that I agree with this article because it gave me a better idea on the book and made me realize some new things. I thought that this article would be an interesting one because it introduces a new view on the book and it also applies parts of the book to actual time in the 1920s. It helped me understand more about an important time in American history, and It also made me understand the book more. The one part of the article that seemed a bit off was at the end, when the author talked about Gatsby’s money and his dream to be able to get Daisy. I didn’t really see how that connected to the Jazz Age, but it did follow up to the previous paragraphs about money.

  19. Selene Ramirez Says:

    Selene Ramirez
    Mr. Pores p. 5
    Honors American Literature
    04/20/2016
    Independent Reading

    Donahue, Deirdre. “Five Reasons ‘Gatsby’ Is the Great American Novel.”USA Today. Gannett, 07 May 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2016.

    I chose to read this article because since I finished reading The Great Gatsby, I knew I had to look for an article about the book. It was an interesting book and I wanted to know people’s reasons for why the Great Gatsby is a great book and how it ties into Americans in the 1920s.

    This article was about five reasons the Great Gatsby is a great American novel. It also introduces the movie that Leonardo Dicaprio stars in as Gatsby. The article gives a brief description of what the book is about before giving reasons to why it is a great novel. It talks about how it takes place in Long Island and New York City told by 29 year-old Nick. The first reason in the article is that the Great Gatsby is the most American of stories. “It is the story that if you work hard enough, you can succeed.” (Donahue) In American culture, it is implied, that you must work hard to achieve your goal, which Gatsby has done to gain back Daisy. Second reason is that it captures the romance of the Roaring ‘20s. “The wildest parties and bad behavior among the rich and famous today have nothing on the you-only-live-once hedonism depicted in The Great Gatsby.” (Donahue) Gatsby was the one with wild parties and Tom was the one with bad behavior; the you-only-live-once saying was seen when Gatsby is murdered. The third reason is that it remains relevant. Relevant in which the characters could be viewed differently in each reader and could bring up many controversies on what the characters really represent and feel. The fourth reason is how love/obsession is a motivation. Although Gatsby is a millionaire, “greed doesn’t drive him,” (Donahue) it’s his obsession with Daisy that he guides him to take her back. The final reason is Fitzgerald’s imperishable prose where his language is though out perfectly.

    I think this article was very brief and understandable of how the Great Gatsby is a great American novel. It wasn’t as interesting as I expected but it did help me understand why certain people would say that The Great Gatsby is the best American novel. I don’t completely agree with the article, probably because I’m not much of a reader or analyzer; but I can say that this novel is very modernistic with a good story. Although I obviously didn’t live in the 1920s I don’t believe that Gatsby would’ve waited so long to get Daisy back especially since he has millions of dollars and he can probably get someone else (or several). Money changes people, and somehow Gatsby doesn’t really change once he falls in love with Daisy, he devotes all his time and money into getting her back which sounds weird to do with so much money. However, I do believe that the rich escaped from consequences that other people wouldn’t have been able to get away from in the 1920s; mostly because the rich could “buy people,” for example, buying policemen to not arrest them for their crimes. Overall, i think this article opened my mind about how to interpret the book and it made me want to watch the movie.

  20. dmitri1999 Says:

    Dmitri Todd
    Honors AM LIT
    Per:5
    May 24, 2016
    The N-Word and who can say it

    http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2013/09/06/219737467/who-can-use-the-n-word-thats-the-wrong-question

    The reason i choose this article and why it stood out from the rest of the articles i looked at, was because the ideas talked about rung true too me. This article relates to what we learned because it talks mostly about the words “nigga” and “nigger,” which was used pretty loosely in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and was a big topic when the class learned about Malcolm X.
    The Article Who Can Use The N-Word starts off by talking about a man by the name of Rob Carmona who was being sued by a former employee for harassing her, and one of the things he said was “You and her are very bright … but y’all act liker niggers … seriously.” The thing is Rob is also black. Then it transitions to the main topic about the “double-standard-around-nigger”. The article talks about how there’s this fiction that a black person can grant people permission to say the word nigger and set the rules, but there are no rules, only contexts and consequences.
    The article switches to a bigger issue which is societies view on the word and how people throw it around like it’s okay, and how people that aren’t black ask why they can’t say the word but people who are can, which even if you are black you still shouldn’t be allowed to say it. Gene Demby the author of the article explains that there isn’t a need for rules but a better understanding of our contexts. Derby explains that saying words like these have consequences and that we don’t think about them, these words have a lot of negative history behind them, and that other people might have different understandings of that history.
    This article really stood out to me when I started reading them because they said exactly what i was thinking. The n-word is a tricky word that can have consequences when said. I know people who are white that throw this word around like it’s nothing, and there lucky they were in a group that contained people who don’t really care, but if they had said this to someone and they took offense, well that could be a very tricky situation to be in.
    Then there’s this fictional person who will grant you access to say the n-word, but that just isn’t true. One person cannot give you access to say a word that to some has a lot of negative energy and a lot of bad history that still isn’t quite fixed yet. Racial profiling, hate crimes, they all still happen to this day, and yes they have gotten better, but that does’t mean that every black person is going to let you say that word.
    The n-word to me is still a nasty word, and there are some who use to show that it doesn’t mean what it means anymore, and that might be true to that person but we all don’t think alike. Even a black person saying the n-word to another black person could go seriously wrong. Words like this can’t have rules, even if we want them, they can’t work. People will say what they want to say and no-one can stop them. What we need is more knowledge and more background of these types of words. We need knowledge and also better social boundaries so that we understand how these words that might not affect some but could really offend other. The n-word in my opinion is another word that just shouldn’t have even been created, but we don’t live in a perfect world.

  21. Alexi Wyckoff Says:

    Alexi Wyckoff Period 6
    http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/what_makes_a_hero
    I chose this article because it relates to what we were learning in class. While reading the book the Odyssey heroism was the theme and we also did a project on it which is why I chose this article.
    This article is about what makes us good and what makes us evil. They have many more answers to what makes us evil. They don’t really have any about hero’s, they make guesses like maybe it’s compassion or empathy or a gene. This article it talks about how after a while they came to define heroism in several different parts. The article states how first it is performed to help people in need, people do it voluntarily, the act is performed in situations with possible risks and costs, and then it is performed doing it and not thinking of being recognized for it. A quote from the article that I think really explains it all is “the key to heroism is a concern for other people in need—a concern to defend a moral cause, knowing there is a personal risk, done without expectation of reward.”
    I really enjoyed this article and I thought it was really good and detailed. It helped me understand a lot more about heroism but in my head it’s still cloudy about why some people choose heroism while others choose evil. I feel like it could be their mental state, or maybe past experiences, or watching other people do it and grow up around it. For me I consider my dad my hero and everything in this article relates to him and I think because I’m growing up around I’ll be like that too. I love helping people when it’s not asked for but it’s obvious that they could use it. I also believe that if somebody does something evil they can also be a hero and go back and fourth between, not that it’s always the best thing but i think it’s very possible. Overall I think this was a really good article and helped me with my understand on heroism.

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